Turkey: the cradle of cultures and civilizations connecting Europe and Asia and capital of civilizations that have reined the lands of Anatolia for centuries
Since the beginning of history, Anatolia, well known as one the earliest settlements, has continued to flourish with the migration of various tribes, and accumulated a large cultural heritage through a line of succeeding empires and civilizations. Many empires ranging from the Sumerians to the Hittites, the Lydians to the Byzantines and the Seljuks to the Ottomans have once thrived and expired within the borders of Turkey.
Ankara is the capital of Turkey, which established a democratic regime with the foundation of the Turkish Republic in 1923. The Bosporus and the Dardanelles, connecting the seas of this magnificent landscape surrounded by the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, Aegean and Marmara seas, function as bridges connecting the lands of the region almost like silk threads.
Greece and Bulgaria to the west, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan to the east and Iran, Iraq, and Syria to the south are the border neighbors of Turkey. The member of various international organizations such as the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization and the Organization of the Islamic Conference our country continuous to evolve and grow at rapid speed.
Proud to possess numerous riches in every corner and territory of the country from east to west and north to south, Turkey is blessed also with a wide range of climatic diversity. One may encounter different climate zones in different areas of Turkey which is comprised of seven geographical regions and experience various climates in one day!
Turkey is much the same as an open air museum thanks to its magnificent heritage comprised of historical and cultural monuments and sites built everywhere in Anatolia since the ancient times. With the establishment Çatalhöyük, the first proto-city settlement of the Neolithic Age, history began to leave its marks discernible today even in the tiniest structures.
Located at the mid-point of the European, Asian and African continents, Turkey has a varied geography rich in mountains, plains, caves, seas and many other natural formations and beauties. All types of sports activities and more specifically outdoor sports can be done amidst a breathtaking nature providing both for adrenaline and entertainment.
The hub of all religions that have been lost in time or still exist, Anatolia is particularly rich in monuments and heritages bearing traces of diverse religious cultures. According to Christianity, for instance, pilgrims travelling the route of the seven holy churches including Ephesus, Izmir, Bergama, Salihli, Alasehir, Denizli and Akhisar are considered to have fulfilled their duty of pilgrimage. Furthermore, many branches of art that originated in the Anatolian lands and were introduced to the world are still kept alive and continue to be developed in the present day.
One of the most precious and diverse treasures of Turkey is, of course, the Turkish cuisine. The variety offered by this magnificent heritage of flavors which evolved over the centuries with the blending of the culinary cultures of many communities and civilizations is limitless. Thousands of unique delicacies and specialties ranging from meat dishes to cold dishes with olive oil, from sorbets to spices are waiting to be served to guests from all over the world.
Entertaining and lively folk dances and songs, which originated from the combination of the local culture with music and dance, provide for unique local entertainment in every province you visit. Thanks to its geographical position located at the meeting point of three continents, Turkey is able to offer fast and convenient transportation with more than 200 direct flights to various destinations in the world and connecting flights to all other destinations around the globe. It is also possible to explore different corners of Turkey by entering the country via highway through neighboring countries located in Asia and Europe.
Worldwide famous cruise ships visit the major ports of Turkey on their route. Passengers of these cruise ships have the opportunity to visit and explore the port and city centre of Istanbul, Izmir and Kusadasi. Ferries between Northern Cyprus and Mersin and between Bodrum, Marmaris and the Greek islands provide for other alternatives to get to Turkey from other lands. Turkey, well known particularly for its hospitality and friendliness, welcomes its visitors any time of the year offering a spectacular countryside and unique monuments all over the land! You may already enjoy your vacation in Turkey!
Istanbul the pearl of the East and the jewel of the West. Istanbul stands on the divide between two very different cultures, religions, and social views. Historically and geographically this great city has the weight of a nation behind it and a country that still claims several of the wonders of the world.
Accepting and fascinating Istanbul is a city not to be taken lightly. Every street corner has a story every building has a past. Istanbul is an amalgamation of east meats west and the divide between the two. Istanbul is the starting point for Tourism in Turkey the crossing point from Europe to Asia all bundled together elegantly by its founder Ataturk. The history of this man and the love from his nation is truly defining.
Istanbul has always been a most popular visiting place for travelers and now it is preparing for its rendezvous with the 21st century. Its new ports and marinas facilitate arrival by the sea. For visitors who prefer air travel, the existing modern airport has been enlarged and a second airport is under construction on the Asian side. By a lucky coincidence the maintenance and repair projects realized for the 75th year of the Republic of Turkey in 1998 turned into a blessing for the initiatives to get Istanbul ready for the 21st century.
Istanbul is now a city with adequate supplies of energy, no major infrastructure problems, clean air and seas, unproblematic transportation, a sufficient number of five and four-star hotels, and minimized traffic jams. In addition to the neat covered bazaars, a new development for the city is the large, modern and luxurious shopping malls that include outlets for well-known international brands.
Bursa, a wonder of nature with its lakes, rivers, mountains, curative termal waters, large and fertile plains, and especially with its rich flora, is located in the northern-south of Anatolian peninsula, northern- west of the foots of Uluda¤ mountain, and southern- east of Marmara Sea.
Bursa, a modern city which did not confined itself to its natural beauties God has bestowed upon it, has advanced its industry and technology to the same level with the other developed countries and now it is the fourth biggest city of Turkey with its population exceeding 2,5 million. Bursa is surrounded by Bilecik, Adapazar› to the east; Izmit, Yalova, Istanbul, and Marmara Sea to the North; Eskiflehir, Kütahya to the South; Balikesir to the west and it is a city full of culture and history as well which conveys the architectural and cultural features of Byzantine, Ottoman, and Republican eras to present-day.
The province is a major port city in which most of the tourism varieties as thermal tourism, shore tourism, hunting tourism, nature tourism with sportive purposes are possible every season. Especially the worldwide famous Thermal springs and Armutlu thermal springs had become the health, cure and resting place of both Turkey and Middle East. One of the major properties of the Yalova province is the commonness of the production of the ornamental plants.
With the freshest air, green nature and unbelievably beautiful landscape, the magnificent views of Abant, the easiest-to-reach and closest nature centre to Ankara, İstanbul and Bolu, will refresh your soul and body. Moreover, if you just can leave Abant, you can have a day trip to Bolu, surrounded with wonders of nature such as Gölcük, Kartalkaya and the Seven Lakes.
Sapanja (Turkish: Sapanca Gölü) is a town and district of Sakarya Province in the Marmara region of Turkey near the Lake Sapanca. The lake has a catchment area of 251 km², surface area is 45 km², a length 16 km east-west / 5 km north-south, and a maximum depth of 52 m.Sapanja has been recently a developed touristic destination,with its stunning natural environment and its lake called Sapanja Gölü.
The region around Sapanca has become very important for day trips and weekend vacations with its charming natural beauty.
With its geographical importance, Bodrum has become the central hub for travel between Turkey and the Mediterranian islands.
Weather it be via sea, land or air, its internal transport system makes it the ideal port of call for anybody entering or exiting Turkey.
Bodrum as a city is quickly becoming one of the most sort after destinations in europe and with such a presadence, it offers some fantastic advenures for any age group. You can spend your days walking the streets of Bodrum, experiencing the sights and smells of the markets or walk the shopping malls searching for your top designer labels.
Enjoy the picturesque views of Bodrums harbour and St Peters Castle whilst tantilising your tastebuds over Turkish cuisine in the vast array of waterfront Cafes and Resteraunts and Bars.
Trabzon is one of such rare cities both in Turkey and in the world. The history of the city, which was first founded on top of a height between Zaganos and Tabakhane valleys, can easily be seen in its walls – first built by the founders of the city and later extended by the Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans by new annexes and restorations – monasteries, mosques, bridges and tombs.
Trabzon, the mysterious city of the east that was much-frequented by many western travellers, has had its peculiar place in travel books with its poetic people, many temples, adorable endemic plants, wild but freely-flowing rivers, scented forests, beautiful high plateaus with colourful flowers, and the cemeteries where inscriptions containing lines that challenge death are carved.
This uninterrupted and strong historical memory of the city is reflected in the daily lives of its people, and this is reflected in the local cuisine with anchovy, corn bread and spring leaves. The region’s distinctive style is very obvious in "Horon" (the regional folk dance) which symbolises the struggle with the difficulties of life in a rugged terrain, the capability of its people to make fun of themselves by creating many jokes and riddles that show their practicality in solving problems and in challenging life – which cannot be seen in other regions.
The strange but beautiful formation of Cappadocia has had this appearance for millions of years.
When the volcanoes in the region were active, the lava which poured out covered all previously formed hills and valleys forming a high plateau.
It is estimated that there are more than 600 rock-cut churches in Cappadocia. Walls were covered with beautiful frescoes and they were also influenced by the Iconoclast period in the 8C and 9C.
The underground cities in Cappadocia are unique too. No one knows when the underground cities of Cappadocia were built, perhaps in Hittite times or as late as the 6C AD.
Another region worth to visit in the area is the famous Ihlara Valley. Ihlara Valley (Canyon) is a deep, narrow river gorge cut through the tufa by the Melendiz River.
The canyon runs for 20 km / 12 miles offering one of the most enjoyable trekking routes to those people who can spare the minimum of half a day.
In the canyon there are about 60 churches, monasteries and cells of anchorites. There are also loads of activities available in Cappadocia: hot-air ballooning, horse and camel riding, trekking, biking the list goes on.
Antalya is located on the Mediterranean coast of south-west Turkey, between the Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean sea.
Antalya is the centre of Turkey's tourism industry, attracting 30% of foreign tourists visiting Turkey.
The province of Antalya corresponds to the lands of ancient Pamphylia to the east and Lycia to the west. It features a shoreline of 657 km (408 mi) with beaches, ports, and ancient cities scattered throughout, including the World Heritage Site Xanthos. The provincial capital is Antalya city with a population of 714,000.
The highest point of the Taurus mountains is Akdag at an altitude of 3025 metres. Located to the northwest of the city centre and at a distance of 50 km (31 mi) is the Saklikent ski and recreation centre on Beydaglari.
Here one can ski and then go down to the shore and into the sea during the months of January-April. In Saklikent there are two teleski and ski courses along with villas and accommodation facilities available in the area. Situated on Bakirli Hill behind Saklikent is the Antalya National Space Observatory.